I recorded my first album in high school. At least I called it an “album.”
My gear list included:
- A basic home PC
- A “free” version of Cakewalk Guitar Tracks I got from a friend.
- That skinny little dictation microphone that used to come with home computers. (Remember those? It was a skinny little microphone about eight inches long, mounted to a cheap little plastic stand, plugged into the sound card at the back of the computer. See pic at the end of this article.)
This was my first foray into recording. If you’re wondering, I shan’t be re-releasing that album. Whew, it was awful.
However, I learned a lot of things back then. I had no idea I was using sub-par equipment, and I worked really hard to make the recordings sound good. Most of all, I had fun.
Perhaps you’re in the same place. You’re having fun writing songs and perhaps even recording a little bit. The fact that you’re reading this series of articles shows that you’re wanting to step things up a bit.
We’ve been through computers, DAW software, audio interfaces, and now let’s look at microphones.
One Good Mic
If you’re like me, the majority of your plans for recording involve one microphone. You’ll record the acoustic guitar first, then vocals, then some additional parts.
To do this, you’ll probably want to get a good large-diaphragm condenser microphone.
There are basically two types of microphones – dynamic mics and condenser mics. Dynamics are usually used primarily in a live sound setting. In the studio, they’re often used to record drums and guitar amps. (I’m speaking in very general terms, since there are no hard and fast rules. In fact, you should check out a great shoot-out I did between the Shure SM7B and SM58. Both are dynamic mics. A dynamic mic can sometimes sound FANTASTIC on vocals.)
Condensers are generally used more in recording studios. They are powered via phantom power. (You’ll need to make sure your audio interface can supply phantom power. It will usually be marked “+48V.” The phantom power is sent to the microphone through the microphone cable.)
Condensers are more sensitive than dynamic microphones, so they tend to pick up more detail. There are large-diaphragm and small-diaphragm condenser mics. Small-diaphragm mics are great for recording various instruments or drum overheads. They usually don’t work well for vocals (in my experience).
If you’re just starting out, get one good large diaphragm condenser. Then add a dynamic. Then maybe a small-diaphragm condenser.
What’s Your Budget?
I know, I know. It seems like such a “salesman” type of question, but it’s a really important question to ask yourself when dealing with microphones.
You can spend anywhere from $50-$10,000 on a single microphone. In my experience, with microphones – especially ones under $1,000 – you really get what you pay for. What I mean is that if you compare a $500 mic with a $1,000 one, you’ll definitely hear a difference.
For me the breaking point is around $250. If you spend less than that, you’ll most likely need to buy a new mic in a year or so. If you can swing $300 for a microphone, you’ll be happy. I’m a big fan of Rode microphones for anyone who wants good quality but doesn’t want to spend a ton of money.
Why do big studios have mic lockers full of microphones? Because no one microphone works well in every situation. It’s like painting. If you give a painter one or two colors to work with, they’ll only be able to create a handful of paintings.
In the same way, microphones can add a lot of color and character to your recordings. One mic that sounds great on my vocals may sound awful on another guy’s voice. If you’re aiming for a professional studio, you’ll need to eventually look into investing in several microphones. That way you can cover whatever situations you come across during a recording session.
BUT PLEASE REMEMBER… a great microphone won’t guarantee a great recording. You still need to do the hard work of getting it right at the source.
What Do I Use?
As I update this article (in July 2013), my two favorite mics right now are the Earthworks SR25 (small diaphragm condenser) and the Shure SM7B (dynamic):
What you choose is certainly up to you. Learn how to get the best sound you can out of the gear you own, and upgrade when you can.